Artificial Intelligence Definition
Artificial intelligence is the ability of a machine to display the same capabilities as human beings, such as reasoning, learning, creativity, and the ability to plan.
The IA allows technological systems to perceive their environment, relate to it, solve problems and act with a specific purpose. The machine receives data (already prepared or collected through its sensors, for example, a camera), processes it, and responds to it.
And also, AI systems can adapt their behavior to a certain extent, analyze the effects of previous actions and work autonomously.
Why is Artificial Intelligence Important?
Some technologies with intelligence have been around for more than 50 years. Still, advances in computing power, the availability of huge amounts of data, and new algorithms have enabled great advances in AI in recent years.
And also, Artificial intelligence plays a central role in the digital transformation of society and has become a priority for the EU.
Its future applications are expected to bring big changes, but AI is already present in our lives. Please find out more about the opportunities and challenges of artificial intelligence and how Parliament wants to regulate it.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
Software: virtual assistants, image analysis software, search engines, voice and face recognition systems
Integrated artificial intelligence: robots, drones, autonomous vehicles, Internet of Things.
Below are some artificial intelligence applications that you may not have been aware of using this ability.
1. Internet Shopping and Advertising
Artificial intelligence widely uses to create personalized recommendations for consumers based, for example, on their previous searches and purchases or other online behavior. And also, AI is very important in commerce to optimize products, plan inventory, logistics processes, etc.
2. Searches on the Web
Search engines learn from the vast amount of data that their users provide to deliver relevant search results.
3. Personal Digital Assistants
Smartphone mobile phones use AI for a product that is as relevant and personalized as possible. The use of virtual assistants that answer questions, give recommendations, and help organize their owners’ routines has become widespread.
4. Automatic Translations
Either based on written or spoken text, language translation software relies on artificial intelligence to provide and improve translations. This also applies to functions such as automated subtitling.
5. Smart Houses, Cities, and Infrastructure
Smart thermostats learn from our behavior to save energy, while smart city developers hope they can regulate traffic to improve connectivity and reduce traffic jams.
Although self-driving vehicles are not yet widespread, cars already use AI-powered safety features. For example, the EU helped finance the vision-based driving assistance system VI-DAS, detecting potential dangerous situations and accidents.
Artificial intelligence systems can help recognize and fight cyberattacks and also other online threats based on the data they continuously receive, recognize patterns, and prevent attacks.
8. Artificial intelligence to fight Covid-19
AI has been used in thermal imaging cameras installed at airports and elsewhere. In medicine, it can help recognize a lung infection from a test called a CT scan. It has also been used to provide data to track the spread of the disease.
9. Fight Misinformation
Some AI applications can detect fake news and misinformation by extracting information from social media, searching for sensational or alarming words, and identifying which online sources are deemed authoritative.
Find out more about how MEPs want to regulate data law to promote innovation and ensure security.
Examples of Artificial intelligence
AI is intended to transform almost every aspect of life and the economy. These are other examples:
Researchers are studying how to use AI to analyze large amounts of health data to find patterns that could lead to discoveries in medicine and other ways to improve individual diagnoses.
For example, researchers developed an AI program that responded to emergency calls and claimed it detected cardiac arrests faster than a doctor could.
Furthermore, connect, co-funded by the EU, is developing search and text services in multiple languages that help people find the most relevant medical information available.
Artificial intelligence could improve the safety, speed, and efficiency of rail traffic by minimizing wheel friction, maximizing speed, and enabling autonomous driving.
Artificial intelligence can help European producers be more efficient and power factories in Europe again by using robots, optimizing sales routes, or making timely predictions of necessary maintenance or breakdowns in “smart factories”.
The EU co-funded research project SatisFactory uses collaborative augmented reality systems to increase job satisfaction in “smart factories”.
4. Food and Agriculture
AI can be used to build a sustainable food system: it could ensure healthier food by minimizing the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation, improve productivity and reduce environmental impact. Additionally, robots could remove weeds and reduce herbicide use.
In the EU, there are already many farmers using AI to control the movement, temperature, and feed consumption of their livestock.
5. Public Administration and Services
Using vast amounts of data and recognizing patterns, AI could anticipate natural disasters, enable adequate preparation, and reduce their consequences.
Historical Context and Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence is by no means a new idea; for example, in the seventeenth century, the philosopher Descartes theorized about the possibility of intelligent automata. Of course, it would not be pending the mid-twentieth century when the topic started to take relevance.
A system is intelligent enough if it achieves to pass itself off as a human before the questions of a judge.” Interestingly, this test is still a great challenge today.
However, what appeared the rise of a branch of technological research ended in speculation and isolated projects for decades because, among other reasons, it turned out to be a field in which nobody dared to invest money seriously.
Artificial intelligence is the fake of human intelligence by machines. In other words, it is the punishment that tries to make systems capable of learning and reasoning like human beings, learn from experience, find out how to solve problems under certain conditions, check information and carry out logical tasks in the way a human being would.
A system possesses humanoid hardware and physically acts as such is a field belonging to robotics. It moves away from the concept of Artificial Intelligence, which focuses on emulating the way humans think and reason. And also, it should be noted that if a system could learn and think like a human being, it would have considerable advantages thanks to its speed and calculation capacity.
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