Internet of Things

What is Home Automation? – Work, Advantages, Disadvantages, and More

What is Home Automation?

Home automation is the automatic switch of electronic devices in your home. These devices connect to the Internet, which allows them to control remotely. With home automation, devices can activate each other, so you don’t have to hold them through an app or voice assistant manually.

For example, you can set the lights to go off when you usually fall asleep, or you can have your thermostat turn on the air conditioning about an hour before you go back to work, so you don’t have to come back in a stuffy house.

Home automation makes life more comfortable and can even save you money on heating, air conditioning, and electricity bills. Home automation can also increase security with Internet of Things devices such as cameras and security systems.

How does Home Automation Work?

Home automation works through a network of devices connected to the Internet through different communication protocols, namely Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, ZigBee, etc. Electronic interfaces can manage remotely through controllers, whether a voice associates like Alexa or Google Assistant, or an app.

Many of these IoT plans have sensors that monitor vicissitudes in motion, temperature, and light to get information about the device’s environs. To make physical alterations to the device, the user activates actuators, biological mechanisms such as intelligent light switches, motorized valves, or motors that allow machines to control remotely.

Home automation works at three levels:

Monitoring: Monitoring means users can connect to their devices remotely through an app. For example, someone could see your live feed from a smart security camera.

Control: Control means the user can control these devices remotely, for example, by moving a security camera to see more living space.

Automation: Finally, automation means configuring devices to activate each other, such as having an intelligent siren sound whenever an armed security camera detects movement.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Home Automation

Like everything in life, home automation has its advantages and disadvantages. Overall, we think it’s worth it, but it might not be for everyone, depending on your personal preferences.

Advantages

Remote Access: It can control devices at all means, such as opening the door to a factory guard without leaving a key under the carpet.

Comfort: Do you know when you’re comfortable in bed but realize you’ve left the bathroom light on? With smart bulbs, you can go them off from the comfort of your bed without having to put down those high-thread-count sheets.

Energy Efficiency: How many areas have you left the heating when you were away from home for eight hours? With it, you can set things like thermostats on agendas to make sure you don’t waste energy. One study found that Nest thermostats, in particular, can save around 12% on heating and cooling costs, say 6. This means these intelligent thermostats can pay for themselves with savings over time.

Convenience: Being talented at controlling devices remotely or via voice instructions, set them up in schedules, and even sync them with sunrise and sunset is not at all practical. Imagine being able to switch to fresh toast in the morning without having to press a button!

Security: Finally, many innovative security products can increase the security of your homes, such as door and window sensors, security cameras capable of detecting people, and doorbells.

Disadvantages

Costs: IoT devices are more expensive than their non-WiFi counterparts. For example, the average intelligent light bulb costs around $ 32, while the regular light bulb costs around $ 5. Of course, you have to issue additional features like remote control, dimming, 16 million different colors, and voice integrations, To name a few. Still, home automation, in general, doesn’t come cheap, depending on where you shop.

Security Issues: Scary But True – Anything to do with the internet, whether it’s browsing Etsy for a new quilt or checking a motion notification from a smart security camera, can be hacked, including IoT devices. Unfortunately, we have seen many attacks and security breaches from the big tech companies that make IoT devices; Ring cameras, for example, were hacked, allowing live streams to be compromised.7 Of course, that’s a problem you wouldn’t have with devices connected to the internet, but if you want IoT devices, you will need to adhere to some of the best digital security practices, detailed later.

New Technology: Since IoT is a comparatively new technology, you may encounter some bugs, such as devices having difficulty connecting to the internet or lag, depending on the make and model of the device.

Surveillance: If privacy is a significant concern, smart security is probably not for you as users can stream live images from the respective camera app. Instead, you can opt for a local alarm system; SimpliSafe has an option if you don’t pay the monthly plan, which details in our SimpliSafe security review.

How to Set Up Home Automation?

Installing your home automation system is a lot less complicated than it sounds. You can fly it up and buy a brilliant home product that sounds like it’s in your alley, or configure your smart home more strategically by following these simple steps:

1. Intelligent Home Ecosystem

First, choose which “smart home ecosystem” you want to be a part of, and by that, we probably mean Amazon or Google. This will determine which voice assistant you are using, determining which IoT devices will work with your scheme.

Of course, you can use crops that work with both Alexa and Google Assistant. But it can be a bit confusing having to remember which voice assistant to use with which IoT device, so we recommend that you follow along. Once you’ve decided which voice assistant is right for you, purchase a compatible smart speaker or display to start your home automation system.

2. Control Protocol

Next, choose which protocol you want your devices to connect with, be it WiFi, Z-Wave, ZigBee, or others. WiFi will be your easiest option if you are new to a smart home, as WiFi powers most IoT devices.

3. Product Types

Then go room by room and decide what type of products you will need, be it security cameras, light bulbs, clocks, coffee makers, etc. Our buying guide below can help!

4. Brands

Next, do a little research on the best innovative home companies; the reviews on our website are for the most popular brands like Ring, Nest, SimpliSafe, Alder Security, etc.

5. Devices

Now is the time to buy your IoT devices. We endorse buying in bulk, as many companies offer discounts for larger packages.

6. Installation

Now is the time to install your IoT devices wherever you want. Most IoT devices have a DIY installation, which means you can do it by hand for free. However, some companies like Vivint and ADT require specialized installation for their intelligent security systems. So be sure to factor the installation cost, if any, into your bottom line. For more information, read our pages on Vivint costs and ADT costs.

7. Customize Settings

You’ve researched, purchased, and installed your IoT devices in your home. Next? Now the fun can begin as you can customize the widgets however you like, whether setting them on schedules, dimming the lights, or having the machines turn on each other. We’ll talk more about these topographies in a moment. But first, let’s talk about the IoT devices currently available on the market.

Conclusion

As with building Rome, automating your home cannot be done in a day. Instead, you can start small and then make your home automation system over time. With so many new IoT devices hitting the market every day, there is no limit to what you can automate, making your life safer. And more convenient than ever.

Also Read: What is Fog Computing? – History, Advantages, and More

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